Bone Grafting is a dental procedure that adds extra volume and density to the areas which lost bone density. It restores the jaw to its original form and increases your chances of dental implants. In this procedure, a bone is artificially grafted (attached) to a bone in the jaw, which is either broken, damaged, or needs extra support. Several other reasons for bone grafting include:
- Gum infections
- Loss of one or more teeth in adults
- When a person intends to go for dental implant procedures
The procedure of bone grafting:
The grafted bone can be taken from any part of the human body, preferably the hip bone or tibia bone. Then the dentist incises and fits the separated bone into the jawbone. For grafting purposes, synthetic bones are also used. After the procedure, the grafted bone easily holds the missing gaps together. And allows the body to heal and tissues to regenerate.
The process for bone grafting is pretty simple. The doctor sedates the patient through anesthesia, after which they cut into the gums, and the tissues are moved aside to make the jawbone visible. Then, after careful disinfection, the separated bone is attached to the slit. In many situations, bone is covered with an additional membrane sheet to ensure protection. The gum tissues are then stitched, with the bone in place.
In general, the operation is less painful if the attached bone is artificially created. With being given anesthesia throughout the surgery, the patient does not feel much. However, if the bone is from the patient’s body, the procedure might become painful. It happens because the patient has to go through the surgeries on two parts, the jaw, and the hip.
Risks related to bone grafting
The common risks of this dental surgery might vary from person to person. Some people do not feel the after-effects. While others suffer from acute to chronic symptoms depending upon the nature of bone grafting. However, the most generic outcomes are:
- Pain in jawbone
- Bone particles splintering
To deal with these symptoms, the dentist might prescribe antibiotics and painkillers. The recovery from these signs can be as less as a week or as long as a fortnight. But the tissues and jawbone might take months before recovering. If the post-treatment ailment prolongs and the symptoms get worse over time, that is probably the indication of a failed surgery. The probability ratio of failure is minimal, but since it is a medical treatment, the results can vary. Unbearable pain, breaking up of attached bone, opening up of stitches, and no healing, are the indicators of the operation being flopped.
In a nutshell, bone grafting is a surgical treatment aimed at attaching a bone from elsewhere to the jawbone either to provide extra support to the weak jawbone or to eliminate the risks associated with an unhealthy jawbone. Like all other surgeries, bone grafting carries its ratio of risk and reward and strictly varies from person to person how the procedure turns out.
*Neither this nor any other content in this media is meant to prescribe, recommend, or prevent any treatment or procedure. We highly recommend that you get the advice of a qualified dentist or other medical practitioners regarding your specific dental condition.