Common Types of Gum Diseases

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Gum diseases occur due to poor hygiene or accumulated plaques; which can cause receding gums. A receding or short gum can easily accumulate germs and let them grow to cause many infectious diseases.

There are a lot of gum diseases based on their etiology and genetics. But the leading cause is not taking care of your dental health. A few very common gum diseases are listed below:

Gingivitis

It is the mildest form of gum disease. It is characterized by swollen gums and starts bleeding easily. The main reason for the development of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene.

Some other factors that cause gingivitis are:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Hormonal Fluctuations During Pregnancy
  • Taking Certain Medicine
  • Substance Abuse
  • Poor Nutrition

You must review your dental and medical history and focus on conditions that aggravate your symptoms. Prompt treatment will protect you from severe disease and tooth loss.

Periodontitis

The next stage of untreated gingivitis leads to a periodontal disease called periodontitis. This disease may spread under the gum line and start irritating your gums. Chronic inflammation can occur that can damage the tissues and bones that are supporting your teeth. As a result, tooth loss may occur.

There are several kinds of periodontitis:

  • Chronic Periodontitis
  • Necrotizing Periodontitis
  • Aggressive Periodontitis

Dentists or Periodontists perform the treatment of periodontitis. The main object of periodontitis treatment is to clean the surrounding area and prevent it from bone damage.

Gum Recession

Gum recession comes as one of the underlying causes for many other oral diseases and infections. In this disease, the margin of the gum muscles is pulled away from teeth exposing the roots and creating gaps between the aligned teeth. The spaces can cause bacteria to grow and accumulate there. If it remains untreated, it can lead to serious issues causing toothaches and cavities.

The disease doesn’t occur suddenly, so many people remain unaware of the infection. It develops gradually. Certain factors lead to gum recession, like plaque accumulation, not taking care of your oral health, roughly brushing your teeth, and periodontitis. A regular checkup from your dentist can reveal if you have gum recession or not. Or in case if you notice your receding gums or teeth sensitivity, visit your doctor for a detailed examination.

Final Thoughts

A lot of gum diseases spread only because of improper dental care and not visiting your dentists regularly. If you can catch the problem earlier, you can get it cured permanently. But it becomes difficult to solve the issues at later stages as any infection serves the site for growth for many germs. This can spread to other teeth causing severe issues. So, taking care of your oral health can get you relief for a dozen painful issues maintaining your sparkly smile.

Contact your dentist in Walnut Creek, Dr. Massood Darvishzadeh, DDS at Dental Implant Solutions for more information. 

Resource:

Gum Diseases And Their Symptoms

*Neither this nor any other content in this media is meant to prescribe, recommend, or prevent any treatment or procedure. We highly recommend that you get the advice of a qualified dentist or other medical practitioners regarding your specific dental condition

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